PERSONEN FILTERS: s=, field=physics

Gevonden personen:

Werner Karl Heisenberg

MALE
Würzburg, Germany 05-12-1901 - München, Germany 01-02-1976

Member Group(s)

  • KNAW-Lid

Variant Names

N/A

BIO

Dissertation: N/A

Highest degree: N/A

Fields of interest:
Biography:
N/A

Residence

  • München 

Occupation

N/A

Education

N/A

Membership

Provenance

  • Heisenberg, W., Jaarboek 1975, p. 210-212 door S.R. de Groot; Verslagen Natuurkunde 85, 1976, p. 14 door J. de Boer.

Publications

N/A

Wiki and VIAF

Wiki Data: Q40904
VIAF: http://viaf.org/viaf/49241584

Gilles Holst

MALE
Haarlem, Netherlands 20-03-1886 - Waalre, Netherlands 11-10-1968

Member Group(s)

  • Boerhaave (instrumentenmakers)
  • KNAW-Lid

Variant Names

N/A

BIO

Dissertation: N/A

Highest degree: N/A

Fields of interest:
Biography:
Holst attended the HBS in Haarlem and, after receiving his diploma in 1903, worked in industry for two years. In 1905 he enrolled at the Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule (ETH) in Zurich to study mechanical engineering, switching to mathematics and physics the following year, he received his diploma of Geprüfter Fachlehrer in 1908 and remained at the ETH as assistant to H.F. Weber until 1910. In that year, he became an assistant of Kamerlingh Onnes at the Leiden Physics laboratory. Here Holst made the first measurements of the electrical resistance of metals at liquid-Helium temperatures and was thus intimately involved in the discovery of superconductivity. For his dissertation, Holst made measurements of the thermal properties of ammonia and methyl chloride, and for this work he received his doctorate from the ETH in 1914.
Having finished his education, Holst joined the Philips Gloeilampenfabriek in Eindhoven, where he founded the Physics laboratory, which quickly became the most important industrial research laboratory in the Netherlands. He published a series of articles on measurements of illumination, the properties of Tungsten, and gas discharges. More importantly, Holst surrounded himself with capable associates (e.g., H.B.G. Casimir), whom he led and inspired, and he had a keen sense of which scientific results were ready for practical application. The laboratory's studies of gas discharges, for instance, were inspired by Bohr's atomic theory, important studies were performed under Holst's direction on radio tubes, X-Ray tubes, and photocells. Holst's early ideas about radio as a means of communication were controversial, but he was strongly supported by the company's owner, Anton Philips. By the mid-1930s, Holst had put together a research group on the electrical and magnetic properties of solids to investigate the possibilities opened up by quantum theory. From 1929 to 1939, Holst served as honorary professor at Leiden.
Personally reserved, Holst was not a good public speaker or talented writer: his talent lay in inspiring others. He made sure that his staff maintained contacts with the foremost researchers in scientific fields, and encouraged them to publish in scientific journals and attend scientific conferences. Although Holst suffered increasingly from depression, he carried on at the Philips laboratory until 1946, when he retired, retaining his connection with Philips as an adviser until 1956. From 1946 to 1956 he also served as 'curator' (governor) of the Technical College in Delft. He was instrumental in the founding of the Netherlands' second technical college in Eindhoven in 1957.

Residence

  • Waalre 

Occupation

N/A

Education

N/A

Membership

Provenance

  • Gaillard, P.J., ‘G. Holst’, Verslagen Natuurkunde 77 (1968), p. 122.
  • Van Helden, Albert, 'Gilles Holst', in: History of Science and Scholarship in the Netherlands, (1999) 471-472.
  • Casimir, H.B.G., Jaarboek KNAW (1968/69),p. 225-230.

Wiki and VIAF

Wiki Data: Q2221508
VIAF: http://viaf.org/viaf/1995685

Thomas Horsfield

MALE
Bethlehem (PA), United States 12-05-1773 - London, United Kingdom 24-07-1859

Member Group(s)

  • Genootschaps-lid
  • KNAW-Lid

Variant Names

N/A

BIO

Dissertation: N/A

Highest degree: doctorate medicine (1798)

Fields of interest:
Biography:
He was a physician and naturalist who worked extensively in Indonesia, describing numerous species of plants and animals from the region. He was later a curator of the East India Company Museum in London. On the membership list of Bataviaasch Genootschap der Kunsten en Wetenschappen he is called 'Medical Doctor".

In 1802, he was appointed "opperchirurgijn in gouvernementsdienst" with as a task to do research in indigenous spices and plants.

Residence

  • London 

Occupation

  • Medical Doctor 

Education

N/A

Membership

Provenance

  • Short account of the medicinal plants of Java (Batavia 1816).
  • Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap (1814).
  • Over de rivier van Solo in een' brief aan de dirigerende leden van het Bataviasche Genootschap (Batavia 1814).
  • Essay on the geography, mineralogy and botany of the western portion of the territory of the native princes of Java (Batavia 1816).
  • J.P.M. Groot, Van de Grote Rivier naar het Koningsplein (2006).

Publications

N/A

Wiki and VIAF

Wiki Data: Q507763
VIAF: http://viaf.org/viaf/74632590

Christiaan Huygens

MALE
Den Haag, Netherlands 14-04-1629 - Den Haag, Netherlands 08-07-1695

Member Group(s)

  • Boerhaave (instrumentenmakers)

placeholder

Variant Names

  • Huijgens, Christiaan
  • Huygens heer van Zuylichem, Christiaan
  • Hugenio, Christiano
  • Hugens de Zulichem, Christian
  • Huggens de Zulichem, Christianus
  • Huygens de Zulechem, Chrestian
  • Huggens de Zulikem, Christiaan
  • Hugenius Zulichemius, Christian
  • Hugens de Zulcon, Christiaan
  • Archimedes

BIO

Dissertation: N/A

Highest degree: N/A

Fields of interest:
Biography:
Born in 1629, Huygens was the son of the poet and diplomat, Constantijn Huygens. He studied law in Leiden and Breda. He was interested mainly in mathematics and proved to be very talented early in life. With his brother Constantijn Jr., he ground lenses and made astronomical observations. He also developed a very accurate pendulum clock and established a wave-theory of light. His discoveries attracted attention abroad, and, in 1666, he was asked to lead the newly founded Académie des Sciences in Paris. After a few years absence caused by illness, he resigned from the Académie. Later in life he wrote a book on cosmolog, called 'Cosmotheoros'.

Inventor of the pendulum clock ("slingeruurwerk") and the aerial telescope. Designer of the Huygens ocular. Huygens discovered the moon of Saturn (Titan) and explained that a ring was present around this planet. He also established the wave-theory of light.

Collections: Museum Boerhaave Leiden, Universiteitsmuseum Utrecht, Noordelijk Scheepvaart Museum Groningen.

Residence

  • Den Haag 1629 - 1645
  • Leiden 1645-05-12
  • Breda 1647
  • Paris 1660-10-12
  • London 1661-03-19
  • Den Haag 1661-05-27
  • Paris 1633-04-03
  • London 1663-06-07
  • Paris 1663-10-01 - 1663-06-07
  • Den Haag 1664-06-07
  • Den Haag 1648-05~
  • Spa 1654-08 - 1654-08~
  • Paris 1655-07~ - 1655-11-26~
  • Paris 1666 - 1681
  • Den Haag 1681 - 1695

Occupation

  • Instrument maker 

Education

  • Law student 12-05-1645 - Universiteit Leiden
  • Student at Breda 1646~ - 1648~ - Collegium Arausiacum - Breda

Membership

Provenance

  • Biografisch Woordenboek van Nederlandse Wiskundigen. http://www.bwnw.nl/
  • Theoremata de quadratura hyperboles, ellipsis et circuli (1651)
  • De Saturni Luna observatio nova (1656)
  • Systema saturnium (1659)
  • Horologium oscillatorium sive de motu pendularium (1673)
  • Memoriën aengaende het slijpen van glasen tot verrekijckers (1685)
  • Traité de la lumière (1690)
  • Cosmotheoros (1698)
  • Riekher, R. Fernrohre und ihre Meister: eine Entwicklungsgeschichte der Fernrohrtechnik (Berlin 1957).
  • Ahlström, O. Synverktyg fran äldre tider (Stockholm 1943).
  • Jorink, E. Reading the book of nature in the Dutch golden age, 1575-1715 (Leiden/Boston 2010).
  • Doorman, G. Octrooien voor uitvindingen in de Nederlanden uit de 16e-18e eeuw : met bespreking van enkele onderwerpen uit de geschiedenis der techniek (Den Haag 1940).
  • Zinner, E. Deutsche und Niederländische astronomische Instrumente des 11.-18. Jahrhunderts (München 1956).
  • Forbes, R.J. Cultuurgeschiedenis van wetenschap en techniek ('s Gravenhage 1966).
  • Nijland, A.A. Christiaan Huygens, in het bijzonder als astronoom (Groningen 1929).
  • Crommelin, C.A. Christiaan Huygens (Gent 1938).
  • Icke, V. De ruimte van Christiaan Huygens (Groningen 2009).
  • Daumas, M. Scientific instruments of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries and their makers (London 1972).
  • Harting, P. ' De tien-voets kijker van Christiaan Huygens', in: Album der Natuur (1867).
  • Michel, H. Instruments des sciences dans l'art et l'histoire (Rhode-St-Genèse 1965).

Publications

N/A

Wiki and VIAF

Wiki Data: Q39599
VIAF: http://viaf.org/viaf/9894043

Josua van Iperen

MALE
Middelburg, Netherlands 23-02-1726 - Batavia, Dutch Indies 11-02-1780

Member Group(s)

  • Genootschaps-lid

placeholder

Variant Names

N/A

BIO

Dissertation: De animis sub altari (1748) and De mundi mechanismo (1752)

Highest degree: doctorate arts and philosophy (1752)

Fields of interest:
Biography:
The membership of Van Iperen (with his various publications and connections in the Netherlands) of the "Bataviaasch Genootschap" was heavily encouraged. A second secretary place in the board was created for him. He was minister in Lillo, Veere and Batavia and he was active in several learned societies.

Residence

  • Lillo 
  • Veere 
  • Batavia 

Occupation

  • member  - Commissie voor de verbetering van de psalmberijming
  • minister 1750, Lillo
  • minister 1766, Veere
  • minister 1779 - 1780, Batavia
  • A.L.M. Philos. Doct. 

Education

  • student 1744, Groningen
  • student 1747 - 1748, Leiden

Publications

N/A

Wiki and VIAF

Wiki Data: Q28776942
VIAF: http://viaf.org/viaf/69279676

Jean Frédéric Joliot

MALE
Paris, France 19-03-1900 - Paris, France 14-08-1958

Member Group(s)

  • KNAW-Lid

Variant Names

N/A

BIO

Dissertation: N/A

Highest degree: N/A

Fields of interest:
Biography:
N/A

Residence

  • Antony 

Occupation

N/A

Education

N/A

Membership

Provenance

  • Joliot, F., Verslagen Natuurkunde 67, 1958, p. 101 door M.W. Woerdeman.

Publications

N/A

Wiki and VIAF

Wiki Data: Q150989
VIAF: http://viaf.org/viaf/22201433

Antoine César Becquerel

MALE
Châtillon-sur-Loing, France 08-03-1788 - Paris, France 19-01-1878

Member Group(s)

  • KNAW-Lid

Variant Names

N/A

BIO

Dissertation: N/A

Highest degree: N/A

Fields of interest:
Biography:
N/A

Residence

  • Paris 

Occupation

N/A

Education

N/A

Membership

Provenance

  • Ledenlijst in: De leden van de Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen. Een demografisch perspectief: 1808 tot 2008. Kaa, D.J. vam de, Roo, Y. de. KNAW Press (2008)

Publications

N/A

Wiki and VIAF

Wiki Data: Q318004
VIAF: http://viaf.org/viaf/37003689

Victor August Julius

MALE
Utrecht, Netherlands 11-12-1851 - Utrecht, Netherlands 01-05-1902

Member Group(s)

  • Genootschaps-lid
  • KNAW-Lid

Variant Names

N/A

BIO

Dissertation: De leer der quaternions in hare toepassing op de leer van den circulairen hodograaf

Highest degree: doctor

Fields of interest:
Biography:
N/A

Residence

  • Utrecht 

Occupation

  • Teacher  - Hoogere Burgerschool - Roermond
  • teacher  - Hoogere Burgerschool - Delft
  • teacher  - Koninklijke Militaire Academie, Breda
  • Professor of physics  - Universiteit Utrecht, Utrecht

Education

  • student 1853~ - Gymnasium Utrecht
  • student 1867 - 1873, Utrecht

Membership

Provenance

  • Julius, V.A., Verslagen Natuurkunde 11, 1902/03, p. 3-5 door H.G. van de Sande Bakhuyzen.
  • Ledenlijst Vereeniging het Nederl. Natuur- en Geneesk. Congres (1890).

Publications

N/A

Wiki and VIAF

Wiki Data: N/A
VIAF: http://viaf.org/viaf/8145857762223020082

Petr Leonidovič Kapitza

MALE
Kronstadt, Russia 26-06-1894 - Moscow, Russia 08-04-1984

Member Group(s)

  • KNAW-Lid

Variant Names

  • Kapica, Petr Leonidovič

BIO

Dissertation: N/A

Highest degree: N/A

Fields of interest:
Biography:
N/A

Residence

  • Moscow 

Occupation

N/A

Education

N/A

Membership

Provenance

  • Kapitza, P.L., Jaarboek 1985, p. 187-189 door H.B.G. Casimir.

Publications

N/A

Wiki and VIAF

Wiki Data: Q172844
VIAF: http://viaf.org/viaf/109027873

Willem Hendrik Keesom

MALE
Texel, Netherlands 21-06-1876 - Leiden, Netherlands 03-03-1956

Member Group(s)

  • KNAW-Lid

Variant Names

  • Keesom, Willem
  • Keesom, Wilhelmus Hendrikus

BIO

Dissertation: N/A

Highest degree: N/A

Fields of interest:
Biography:
Keesom was born on a farm in the southern part of the island of Texel into a devoutly Catholic family with no tradition of learning. He attended elementary school in Den Burgh, Texel, and, starting in 1889, the HBS in Alkmaar. In 1894 he matriculated at the university of Amsterdam, where he took his doctorate in 1904 (with honors) under Van der Waals, on a dissertation entitled Isothermen van mengsels van zuurstof en koolzuur (an elaboration of the 1903 gold-prize winning answer to a prize question issued by the Leiden faculty of Mathematics and Physics).
In 1900, Keesom had become an assistant to Kamerlingh Onnes at the Physics Laboratory at the university of Leiden. In 1904 he married Anna Maria Aleida Moorman, and the couple had two sons and six daughters. Although Keesom was promoted to conservator in 1909, his salary was not sufficient to provide for his rapidly growing family, and he therefore taught part-time at several secondary schools and gave lecture courses at the University of Utrecht. During this first Leiden period, Keesom published about 40 papers, a number of which were co-authored with Kamerlingh Onnes, who relied heavily on Keesom's theoretical abilities, especially in studies leading up to the liquefaction of helium in 1908. In his Nobel Lecture, Kamerlingh Onnes wrote: 'Den hervorragenden theoretischen Kenntnissen von Herm Keesom verdanke ich weiter viel wegender gründlichen und einsichtsvollen Weise, in welcher er die mit der Zustandgleichung zusammenhängenden theoretischen Fragen deren gleichzeitiges Stadium ihm vorwiegend zu Teil fiel, bearbeitet habe'.
Although by this time Keesom had established himself at home as well as abroad as a brilliant theoretical physicist, upon the retirement of Lorentz he was passed over for the chair of theoretical physics, which was awarded to Paul Ehrenfest. He was passed over as well for several other chairs, and there is little doubt that his Catholicism was the cause. In 1917 he accepted an appointment at the National Veterinary School at Utrecht, and when that school achieved university-level status, the following year, Keesom became professor of physics. He finally returned to the university of Leiden in 1923, when upon the death of Kuenen he was appointed to the chair of physics. The following year, upon the retirement of Kamerlingh Onnes, Keesom became co-director of thephysics laboratorium with De Haas. Over the next two decades, he produced over 200 scientific papers with a number of co-workers. He used increased pressure to solidify helium and by 1932 had cooled helium to 0.7° K. In 1927 he discovered with M. Wolfke, that there is a change in the form of liquid helium at 2.19 °K, and in 1936, with his daughter P. Keesom, he discovered the then called 'warm superconductivity' (superfluidity) of one of these. he investigated the caloric properties of superconducting metals and the structure and properties of liquid and solid helium, neon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, etc. In 1940, work at the laboratory ground to a halt. Keesom retired in 1945 for health reasons.
Keesom was active in the profession. He was chairman of the Institut International du Froid, chaired the 1936 Cold Congress in The Hague, and served as president of the Nederlandsche Vereeniging voor Koeltechniek for many years. Because up to World War II his laboratory was the leading site for cryogenic research in the world, many foreign scientists came to work there. Keesom gave his weekly seminars in German or English when necessary.
Keesom remained a devout Catholic his entire life, even though in the first decades of this century this was definitely not a help for one trying to make a career in science. Shortly after the turn of the century, he became active in the Vereeniging tot het Bevorderen van de Beoefening van de Wetenschap onder de Katholieken in Nederland (Society for the Promotion of the Practice of Science among Catholics in the Netherlands) and personally encouraged Catholics to pursue a career in science. 1936 Keesom was among the first group of appointees in the new Pontifical Academy of Exact Sciences.
He died in Leiden on 3 March 1956. He was survived by his second wife, Seraphina Josephina Francisca Maria Gieliam, whom he had married in 1927, four years after the death of his first wife.

Residence

  • Leiden 

Occupation

N/A

Education

N/A

Membership

Provenance

  • Keesom, W.H., Verslagen Natuurkunde 65, 1956, p. 27-28 door M.W. Woerdeman; Jaarboek 1956/57, p. 225-230 door C.J. Gorter.
  • Biografie opgenomen in History of Science and Scholarship in the Netherlands

Publications

Wiki and VIAF

Wiki Data: Q1356820
VIAF: http://viaf.org/viaf/114550823

Johannes Petrus Kuenen

MALE
Leiden, Netherlands 11-10-1866 - Leiden, Netherlands 25-09-1922

Member Group(s)

  • Genootschaps-lid
  • KNAW-Lid

Variant Names

N/A

BIO

Dissertation: Metingen betreffende het oppervlak van Van der Waals voor mengsels van koolzuur en chloormethyl

Highest degree: doctor

Fields of interest:
Biography:
N/A

Residence

  • Leiden 

Occupation

  • physics professor 1895 - 1906 - University College St. Andrews, Dundee
  • physics professor 1906 - 1922, Leiden

Education

  • student  - Gymnasium Leiden
  • mathematics and physics student 1884 - 1892, Leiden

Membership

Provenance

  • Kuenen, J.P., Verslagen Natuurkunde 31, 1922, p. 349-352 door F.A.F.C. Went.
  • H.A.M. Snelders, 'Kuenen, Johannes Petrus (1866-1922)', in Biografisch Woordenboek van Nederland. URL:http://resources.huygens.knaw.nl/bwn1880-2000/lemmata/bwn2/kuenen [12-11-2013].
  • Ledenlijst Vereeniging het Nederl. Natuur- en Geneesk. Congres (1890).

Publications

Wiki and VIAF

Wiki Data: Q2359537
VIAF: http://viaf.org/viaf/17593553

Donald MacCrimmon MacKay

MALE
Lybster, United Kingdom 09-08-1923 - Newcastle-under-Lyme, United Kingdom 13-02-1987

Member Group(s)

  • KNAW-Lid

Variant Names

N/A

BIO

Dissertation: N/A

Highest degree: N/A

Fields of interest:
Biography:
N/A

Residence

  • Keele 

Occupation

N/A

Education

N/A

Membership

Provenance

Publications

N/A

Wiki and VIAF

Wiki Data: Q3036050
VIAF: http://viaf.org/viaf/67688267

Hermann Carl Vogel

MALE
Leipzig, Germany 03-04-1841 - Potsdam, Germany 13-08-1907

Member Group(s)

  • KNAW-Lid

Variant Names

N/A

BIO

Dissertation: N/A

Highest degree: N/A

Fields of interest:
Biography:
N/A

Residence

  • Potsdam 

Occupation

N/A

Education

N/A

Membership

Provenance

  • Ledenlijst in: De leden van de Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen. Een demografisch perspectief: 1808 tot 2008. Kaa, D.J. vam de, Roo, Y. de. KNAW Press (2008)

Publications

N/A

Wiki and VIAF

Wiki Data: Q58812
VIAF: http://viaf.org/viaf/37694284

Volkert Simon Maarten van der Willigen

MALE
Rockanje, Netherlands 09-05-1822 - Haarlem, Netherlands 19-02-1878

Member Group(s)

  • Genootschaps-lid
  • KNAW-Lid

Variant Names

N/A

BIO

Dissertation: N/A

Highest degree: doctorate

Fields of interest:
Biography:
Director of the Physics Cabinet at Teylers Foundation, Haarlem.

Residence

  • Haarlem 1866~
  • Deventer 1850~

Occupation

  • hoogleraar in de wis- en natuurkunde 1848 - 1864 - Athenaeum te Deventer
  • teacher 1847 - Latijnse School Amsterdam
  • directeur van het Physisch Kabinet 1866~ - Teylers Stichting, Haarlem

Education

  • Math. Mag. et Phil. Nat. Doctor 

Provenance

  • 'Naamlijst' in: Wiskunstige opgaven met hare ontbindingen, uitgegeven door de leden van het wiskundig genootschap ‘Een onvermoeide arbeid komt alles te boven’ van 1860-1865 (Amsterdam 1866).
  • “Naamlijst der leden van het wiskundig genootschap”, in: Verzameling van wiskunstige opgaven. (Amsterdam 1850).
  • Molhuysen, P.C., en Fr.K.H. Kossmann (redactie), Nieuw Nederlandsch Biografisch Woordenboek. Deel 10. (Leiden 1937) 1219.

Publications

N/A

Wiki and VIAF

Wiki Data: Q474499
VIAF: http://viaf.org/viaf/43923320

Cornelis Harm Wind

MALE
Groningen, Netherlands 07-11-1867 - Utrecht, Netherlands 08-08-1911

Member Group(s)

  • Genootschaps-lid
  • KNAW-Lid

Variant Names

N/A

BIO

Dissertation: De lokaalvariometer van Kohlrausch en het magnetisch veld in het Physisch Laboratorium te Groningen

Highest degree: doctor

Fields of interest:
Biography:
N/A

Residence

  • Utrecht 

Occupation

  • hoofddirecteur 1902 - 1904 - Koninklijk Nederlands Metereologisch Instituut
  • hoogleraar in de mathematische fysica en de theoretische mechanica 1904 - Universiteit Utrecht

Education

  • student  - HBS Groningen
  • physics student 1886 - 1893 - Universiteit Groningen

Membership

Provenance

  • Wind, C.H., Verslagen Natuurkunde 20/21, 1911/12, p. 172-174 door H.A. Lorentz.
  • H.A.M. Snelders, 'Wind, Cornelis Harm (1867-1911)', in Biografisch Woordenboek van Nederland. URL:http://resources.huygens.knaw.nl/bwn1880-2000/lemmata/bwn3/wind [12-11-2013].
  • Ledenlijst Vereeniging het Nederl. Natuur- en Geneesk. Congres (1890).

Wiki and VIAF

Wiki Data: Q3140968
VIAF: http://viaf.org/viaf/26813010

Frederik Zernike

MALE
Amsterdam, Netherlands 16-07-1888 - Amersfoort, Netherlands 10-03-1966

Member Group(s)

  • KNAW-Lid

Variant Names

  • Zernike, Frits

BIO

Dissertation: N/A

Highest degree: N/A

Fields of interest:
Biography:
Frits Zernike attended the HBS and from 1905 onwards studied chemistry at Amsterdam. At the age of nineteen, in 1907, he answered a prize question of the University of Groningen on probability theory, for which he was awarded a gold medal. He won a second gold medal for a prize question in optics issued by the Hollandsche Maatschappij van Wetenschappen in Haarlem (1912). In that year, he passed his doctoral examinations and started work on his dissertation, for which he used his prize winning essay of 1912 as a starting point. In 1913 he was appointed assistant to the astronomer J.C. Kapteyn at the University of Groningen. In 1915 he took his degree in chemistry at Amsterdam with a dissertation L'opalescence critique, théorie et experiments.
Shortly after obtaining his degree, also in 1915, Zernike succeeded Ornstein as lecturer in mathematical physics and theoretical mechanics in Groningen and in 1920 he became full professor. In the 1920's Zernike mainly worked in statistical physics. Together with Ornstein, and later with J.A. Prins, Zernike wrote a number of articles on fluctuation phenomena. In molecular statistics he introduced the concept of a radial distribution function, giving the mean number density of molecular centers around an arbitrary molecular center. For the Handbuch der Physik he wrote a chapter on probability theory and mathematical statistics (1928). In the 1930s, while not neglecting his work in statistical mechanics altogether, Zernike became more and more interested in physical optics. He had always been a very skillful instrument-maker: as early as 1921, he had constructed a very precise galvanometer and during the 1930s he worked on the construction of the so-called phase contrast microscope. He studied errors in telescope mirrors and discovered that there is a phase difference in the diffraction of light in different substances. By finding ways to increase the phase contrast, Zernike was able to construct a much more powerful microscope, with which one could study living material (staining usually kills the cells). In 1936 he obtained a patent on his invention. Zernike long remained a bachelor. In the 1920s he lived with his sister, Elisabeth Zernike, who was an author, and with his mother. Finally, only in January 1930, he married Theodora Willernina van Bommel van Vloten. They had one son (from an earlier marriage his wife already had one daughter). In February 1945, shortly before the liberation of Groningen, Zernike's wife died.
After the war Zernike, whose chair had been redefined as including mathematical and technical physics and theoretical mechanics in 1941, further refined his phase contrast microscope. In 1946 he was elected to the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences. In 1947-1948 he was visiting professor at Johns Hopkins University. Especially after 1950 he received honors all over the world, including in 1953 the Nobel Prize in physics for his phase contrast microscope. In 1956 he became a fellow of the Royal Society. In the year after receiving the Nobel Prize Zernike married to Lena Baanders, with whom he had no children. He retired in 1958 and in 1961 moved to Naarden (near Amsterdam). His interests were wide ranging, including secondary teaching, natural philosophy and religion. During the last years of his life he was ill and in 1953 he entered a hospital in Amersfoort, where he died on 10 March 1966.

Residence

  • Naarden 

Occupation

N/A

Education

N/A

Membership

Provenance

  • Zernike, F., Verslagen Natuurkunde 75, 1966, p. 49-51 door C.J. Gorter; Jaarboek 1965/66,p. 370-377 door J.A. Prins.

Wiki and VIAF

Wiki Data: Q188293
VIAF: http://viaf.org/viaf/70621940

Heinrich-Wilhelm Dove

MALE
Liegnitz, Germany 06-10-1803 - Berlin, Germany 04-04-1879

Member Group(s)

  • KNAW-Lid

Variant Names

N/A

BIO

Dissertation: N/A

Highest degree: N/A

Fields of interest:
Biography:
N/A

Residence

  • Berlin 

Occupation

N/A

Education

N/A

Membership

Provenance

  • Ledenlijst in: De leden van de Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen. Een demografisch perspectief: 1808 tot 2008. Kaa, D.J. vam de, Roo, Y. de. KNAW Press (2008)

Publications

N/A

Wiki and VIAF

Wiki Data: Q61697
VIAF: http://viaf.org/viaf/49970294

Paul Ehrenfest

MALE
Wien, Austria 18-01-1880 - Amsterdam, Netherlands 25-09-1933

Member Group(s)

  • KNAW-Lid

Adriaan van den Ende

MALE
Delft, Netherlands 11-10-1768 - Warnsveld, Netherlands 28-06-1846

Member Group(s)

  • Genootschaps-lid
  • KNAW-Lid

placeholder

Variant Names

N/A

BIO

Dissertation: N/A

Highest degree: N/A

Fields of interest:
Biography:
After his studies, Adriaan van den Ende became a pastor in 1792, but due to healthy problems he had to stop with this job. In 1800 he started his career in various educational matters. In 1806, he designed an national education law, together with Johannes Hendricus van der Palm, that served as an example to other countries. Next to that, he was appointed 'Ridder van de orde van den Nederlandschen Leeuw'.

Residence

  • Middelburg 
  • Haarlem 1800 - 1841~
  • Zutphen 1846~
  • Delft  - 1800
  • Warnsveld 1833 - 1846

Occupation

  • assistent van den Agent van opvoeding van der Palm 
  • curator 1801 - Latijnsche School Haarlem, Haarlem
  • Amanuensis bij de Jaarlijksche vergadering van afgevaardigden uit de Departementale schoolbesturen 1803
  • Commissaris tot de zaken van het lagere schoolwezen en onderwijs binnen het Bataafsch gemeenebest 29-10-1805
  • Chef de Bureau bij het Ministerie van Binnenlandsche Zaken 1809
  • Commissaris voor de zaken van middelbaar en lager onderwijs 1814 - 1832
  • Hoofd-Inspecteur van het middelbaar en lager onderwijs 1817
  • preacher in Rozendaal (Veluwe) and Voorschoten 

Education

  • student  - Latijnsche School Delft, Delft
  • student of theology  - Universiteit Leiden
  • student  - Universiteit Utrecht, Utrecht

Membership

Provenance

  • Ende, A. van den, Jaarboek 1847, p. 27 door J. van Geuns.
  • “Naamlijst der leden van het wiskundig genootschap”, in: Verzameling van wiskundige voorstellen (Amsterdam 1830).
  • “Naamlijst der leden van het wiskundig genootschap”, in: Verzameling van nieuwe wiskundige voorstellen (Amsterdam 1841).
  • “Naamlijst der leden van het wiskundig genootschap”, in: Verzameling van nieuwe wiskundige voorstellen (Amsterdam 1846).

Publications

N/A

Wiki and VIAF

Wiki Data: Q18692810
VIAF: http://viaf.org/viaf/71758962

William Maurice Ewing

MALE
Lockney (TX), United States 12-05-1906 - Galveston (TX), United States 05-05-1974

Member Group(s)

  • KNAW-Lid

Variant Names

N/A

BIO

Dissertation: N/A

Highest degree: N/A

Fields of interest:
Biography:
N/A

Residence

  • Palisades 

Occupation

N/A

Education

N/A

Membership

Provenance

  • Ewing, M., Verslagen Natuurkunde 83, 1974, p. 110 door P.J. Gaillard; Jaarboek 1974,p. 202-204 door J. Veldkamp.

Publications

N/A

Wiki and VIAF

Wiki Data: Q1561583
VIAF: http://viaf.org/viaf/92872655

Gevonden berichten:

04-10-2010 02:52 - Historische publicaties

06-03-2014 03:00 - Wetenschappelijke instrumentenmakers in de Nederlanden

14-06-2021 01:43 - A New Timeline from Archives of IT

16-02-2021 03:08 - Call for Applications: Lisa Jardine History of Science Grant (Deadline: 17 March 2021)

07-01-2021 05:21 - PhD position in Soviet History (m/f/d; E13 TV-L, 65%), on Environment and Health in the Soviet Union and its Successor States, 1945–2000 (Universität Tübingen; Deadline 17 January 2021)

11-09-2020 12:20 - Dijksterhuislezing 2020: Abraham Kuyper & Multatuli (Online, 13 November 2020)

22-06-2020 11:46 - [Publicatie] De Universitaire campus. Ruimtelijke transformaties van de Nederlandse universiteiten sedert 1945

10-03-2020 11:50 - Jobs: Postdoc/PhD Candidate, "Managing Scarcity" (Maastricht University; various deadlines)

04-09-2019 10:07 - Call for Papers: "Animals as Objects. Zoological Gardens and Natural History Museum in Berlin, 1810−2020" (Berlin, 13-14 February 2020; Deadline: 20 September 2019)

26-04-2019 01:48 - REMINDER Registration for the Gewina Woudschoten conference closes Tuesday, April 30th

26-04-2019 01:00 - Report: History of Science and Humanities PhD Conference 2019 (Kerkrade)

15-03-2019 01:55 - Conference: Teaching the history of Knowledge: Purposes, Problems, Practices (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, 20 March 2019)

12-03-2019 01:47 - CfA: 5th International Conference on the History and Philosophy of Computing (Bergamo, Italy, 28-30 October 2019; Deadline 30 April 2019)

21-02-2019 12:54 - Jobs: PhD position & Assistant Professorship (Maastricht; Deadlines 15 March (PhD) & 28 February (! AP))

14-01-2019 12:06 - Call for Papers: Dutch Historians' Days 2019: Inclusive History (Groningen, 22-24 August 2019; Deadline 28 January 2019)

28-12-2018 10:00 - Job: Fully funded PhD position "Atmospheric Tides Science", Ghent University & Università Ca' Foscari, Venice (Deadline: 28 February 2019)

06-12-2018 02:32 - [REMINDER] Call for Papers: History of Science Society annual meeting (Utrecht, 23-27 July 2019; Deadline 7 January 2019)

16-10-2018 03:20 - Announcement: 12th International Conference on the History of Chemistry (ICHC12; Maastricht, the Netherlands, 29 July - 2 August, 2019)

11-10-2018 11:47 - "Johannes Hudde, een groot geleerde die uiteindelijk niet voor de wetenschap koos" - Studium 11.1 (2018) is uit!

13-09-2018 05:24 - Symposium: Institutions, knowledge, global history. Afscheid van Karel Davids als hoogleraar Economische en Sociale Geschiedenis aan de Vrije Universiteit (Amsterdam, 26 oktober 2018)

Gevonden publicaties:

'n Pastelportret deur Pieter Willem Regnault, tekenaar en tuinier in Kaapstad, 1753-1765

Referentie: Mededelingen Letterkunde, Nieuwe Reeks, deel 32, nummer 1 (1969), 1-20

Authors

Bax, D.

Keywords

N/A

Download als pdf file (21 pagina's, 7.82 M)

De geheime contacten met België, Frankrijk en Engeland in de neutraliteitsperiode, september 1939 - mei 1940

Referentie: Mededelingen Letterkunde, Nieuwe Reeks, deel 32, nummer 7 (1969), 201-215

Authors

Jong, L. de

Keywords

N/A

Download als pdf file (18 pagina's, 5.98 M)

Conflicten

Referentie: Mededelingen Letterkunde, Nieuwe Reeks, deel 34, nummer 1 (1971), 1-27

Authors

Tammes, A.J.P.

Keywords

N/A

Download als pdf file (28 pagina's, 10.54 M)

Over de doeltreffendheid van monetaire politiek: Nederlandse ervaringen 1954-1969

Referentie: Mededelingen Letterkunde, Nieuwe Reeks, deel 34, nummer 4 (1971), 153-184

Authors

Holtrop, M.W.

Keywords

N/A

Download als pdf file (39 pagina's, 17.41 M)

De meervoudige gedetermineerdheid van menselijk gedrag

Referentie: Mededelingen Letterkunde, Nieuwe Reeks, deel 35, nummer 3 (1972), 129-144

Authors

Duijker, H.C.J.

Keywords

N/A

Download als pdf file (18 pagina's, 8.15 M)

DE LEEFRUIMTE VAN DE MENS

Referentie: Mededelingen Letterkunde, Nieuwe Reeks, deel 36, nummer 3 (1973), 75-96

Authors

Tammes, A.J.P.

Keywords

N/A

Download als pdf file (24 pagina's, 8.83 M)

Maerlants Torec als 'Sleutelroman'

Referentie: Mededelingen Letterkunde, Nieuwe Reeks, deel 36, nummer 5 (1973), 119-195

Authors

Heeroma, K.

Keywords

N/A

Download als pdf file (80 pagina's, 28.28 M)

Fugitieven en passanten

Referentie: Mededelingen Letterkunde, Nieuwe Reeks, deel 43, nummer 2 (1980), 25-60

Authors

Prins, W.F.

Keywords

N/A

Download als pdf file (40 pagina's, 14.54 M)

Botsing van grondrechten

Referentie: Mededelingen Letterkunde, Nieuwe Reeks, deel 46, nummer 7 (1983), 183-204

Authors

Hoeven, J. van der

Keywords

N/A

Download als pdf file (24 pagina's, 9.17 M)

Enige problemen in het Nederlands belastingrecht

Referentie: Mededelingen Letterkunde, Nieuwe Reeks, deel 44, nummer 1 (1981), 1-30

Authors

Geppaart, Ch.P.A.

Keywords

N/A

Download als pdf file (30 pagina's, 10.21 M)

August Vermeylen en het tijdschrift "Van nu en straks"

Referentie: Mededelingen Letterkunde, Nieuwe Reeks, deel 44, nummer 2 (1981), 35-57

Authors

Elslander, A. van

Keywords

N/A

Download als pdf file (26 pagina's, 9.29 M)

Het toneel in de Amsterdamse schouwburg van 1637

Referentie: Mededelingen Letterkunde, Nieuwe Reeks, deel 22, nummer 4 (1959), 137-172

Authors

Hunningher, B.

Keywords

N/A

Download als pdf file (39 pagina's, 16.48 M)

Cultuur en intelligentie; een psychometrische optiek

Referentie: Mededelingen Letterkunde, Nieuwe Reeks, deel 46, nummer 5 (1983), 139-158

Authors

Drenth, P.J.D.

Keywords

N/A

Download als pdf file (22 pagina's, 7.4 M)

Is "uu" voor "oe" Holland in- en uitgevoerd?

Referentie: Mededelingen Letterkunde, deel 63, Serie A, nummer 5 (1927), 127-178

Authors

Vries, W. de

Keywords

N/A

Download als pdf file (52 pagina's, 15.01 M)

Een Iersch kettingsprookje

Referentie: Mededelingen Letterkunde, deel 63, nummer 10 (1927), 259-273

Authors

Hamel, A.G. van

Keywords

N/A

Download als pdf file (16 pagina's, 3.8 M)

Instrumental phonetics. Its value for linguists

Referentie: Mededelingen Letterkunde, deel 65, nummer 2 (1928), 37-98

Authors

Groot, A.W. de

Keywords

N/A

Download als pdf file (62 pagina's, 18.51 M)

Intervocaliese d in het Groningens. De ui van stuiten

Referentie: Mededelingen Letterkunde, deel 54, Serie A, nummer 3 (1928), 99-150

Authors

Vries, W. de

Keywords

N/A

Download als pdf file (52 pagina's, 16.01 M)

Vijftien jaren internationale rechtspraak

Referentie: Mededelingen Letterkunde, Nieuwe Reeks, deel 1, nummer 2 (1938), 133-180

Authors

Verzijl, J.H.W.

Keywords

N/A

Download als pdf file (48 pagina's, 14.22 M)

Cechies-Slovaaks-Cechoslovaaks

Referentie: Mededelingen Letterkunde, deel 65, Serie A, nummer 8 (1928), 245-266

Authors

Wijk, N. van

Keywords

N/A

Download als pdf file (22 pagina's, 6.91 M)

Vom Mesopotamischen Menschen der Altbabylonischen Zeit und seiner Welt

Referentie: Mededelingen Letterkunde, Nieuwe Reeks, deel 36, nummer 6 ( 1973), 199-345

Authors

Kraus, F.R.

Keywords

N/A

Download als pdf file (150 pagina's, 56.85 M)

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