PERSONEN FILTERS: s=, membership=Keurvorstelyke Academie der fraaie Weetenschappen of Mentz

Gevonden personen:

Iman Jacob van den Bosch

MALE
Tholen, Netherlands 06-02-1731 - Den Haag, Netherlands 26-05-1788

Member Group(s)

  • Genootschaps-lid

placeholder

Variant Names

N/A

BIO

Dissertation: N/A

Highest degree: N/A

Fields of interest:
Biography:
Medical doctor in the Hague, meteorological observer, One of the founders and first secretary of the 'Natuur- en Geneeskundige Correspondentie Societeit'

Residence

  • Den Haag 

Occupation

  • Medical Doctor 1783~

Education

N/A

Provenance

  • 'Naamlijst der Heeren Directeuren van de Algemeene Natuur en Geneeskundige Correspondentie-Societeit', in: Verhandelingen van de Natuur- en Geneeskundige Correspondentie-Societeit ('s Gravenhage 1783).
  • Zuidervaart, H.J., ‘An Eighteenth-Century Medical-Meteorological Society in the Netherlands. An Investigation on Early Instrumentation, Organisation and Quantification of the Science of Weather’ in: British Journal for the History of Science 38 (2005) 379-410 en idem 39 (2006) 49-66.

Publications

N/A

Wiki and VIAF

Wiki Data: N/A
VIAF: N/A

Adriaan Loosjes

MALE
Den Hoorn, Texel, Netherlands 13-05-1761 - Haarlem, Netherlands 28-02-1818

Member Group(s)

  • Genootschaps-lid

placeholder

Variant Names

  • Loosjes Pz., Adriaan
  • Rotgans
  • Loosjes, Adriaan Pietersz.

BIO

Dissertation: N/A

Highest degree: N/A

Fields of interest:
Biography:
Author, bookseller and editor, married with Cornelia Johanna Herdingh in 1782, (co-)founder of many institutes, co-founder and owner of the Algemeene Konst- en Letterbode (1788) and Kabinet van Mode en Smaak (1791-1794), Member of the "Provinciaal bestuur van Holland" (1797) Member of the "Intermediair Administratief bestuur" (1798 / 1799), Initiator of the foundation of: "Leesbibliotheek" (1794), "Openbaar Volksonderwijs" (1795), "Departementale School" (1801) for children, "Instituut Door Aankweking Volmaakter" (1806), "Onderwijs in Bijbelsche Geschiedenis" (1814), "Naaischool" (1814), "Kweekschool voor onderwijzers" (1805), "Nutsspaarbank" (1817),
"Lid van de Kerkraad van de Vereenigde Doopsgezinde Gemeente Haarlem" (1789-1818), "Directeur van het Fonds tot den Predikant" (1815-1818), "Regent van het Doopsgezinde Zuiderhofje (1810-1818), "Regent van het Doopsgezinde Weeshuis" (1816-1818).

Maurits Lijnslager (1808) is one of his most famous novels

Residence

  • Haarlem 1762 - 1818

Occupation

  • bookseller, editor and author  - 1818, Haarlem

Education

  • student 28-10-1778 - 1779 - Doopsgezind Seminarium - Amsterdam, Amsterdam
  • student  - 1777 - Latijnse School Haarlem, Haarlem

Provenance

  • Haan, M.H. de. Adriaan Loosjes (Utrecht 1934).
  • Frank van Borselen en Jacoba van Beyeren (Haarlem 1790).
  • Charlotte van Bourbon (Haarlem 1792).
  • Huig de Groot en Maria van Reigersbergen (Haarlem 1794).
  • Louise de Coligny (Haarlem 1803).
  • Johann de Witt, raadpensionaris van Holland (Haarlem 1805).
  • Arnold Geesteranus en Suzanna van Oostdijk (Haarlem 1807).
  • Kloek, J.J. en W.W. Mijnhardt. 1800 : blauwdrukken voor een samenleving (Den Haag 2001).
  • Jensen, L. en L. van Deinsen. ' Het theater van de herinnering', in: Spiegel der letteren : tijdschrift voor Nederlandse literatuurgeschiedenis en voor literatuurwetenschap 54, afl. 2 (2012).
  • Jensen, L. De verheerlijking van het verleden (Nijmegen 2008).
  • Jensen, L. (e.a.). Free access to the past : romanticism, cultural heritage and the nation (Boston 2010).
  • Jensen, L. 'Controversiële helden : Oldenbarnevelt en de gebroeders De Witt in de ogen van literatoren, 1800-1830', in: De Negentiende Eeuw 31, afl. 1 (2007).
  • Sliggers, B.C. (red). De verborgen wereld van Democriet : een kolderiek en dichtlievend genootschap te Haarlem, 1789-1869 (Haarlem 1995).

Publications

N/A

Wiki and VIAF

Wiki Data: Q4684780
VIAF: http://viaf.org/viaf/32224364

Heinrich Karl Abraham Eichstädt

MALE
Oschatz, Germany 08-08-1772 - Jena, Germany 04-03-1848

Member Group(s)

  • KNAW-Lid

Variant Names

N/A

BIO

Dissertation: N/A

Highest degree: N/A

Fields of interest:
Biography:
N/A

Residence

  • Jena 

Occupation

  • Professor of Philosophy 1795 - 1797 - Universitat Leipzig, Leipzig
  • Editor of Allgemeinen Literaturzeitung 1797, Jena
  • Professor of Eloquence 1803 - University of Jena

Education

  • Student  - Universitat Leipzig, Leipzig

Membership

Provenance

  • Eichstädt, H.K.A., Jaarboek 1849, p. 32 door J. Bosscha.

Publications

N/A

Wiki and VIAF

Wiki Data: Q92001
VIAF: http://viaf.org/viaf/32425260

Johann Caspar von Orelli

MALE
Zürich, Switzerland 13-02-1787 - Zürich, Switzerland 06-02-1849

Member Group(s)

  • KNAW-Lid

Variant Names

N/A

BIO

Dissertation: N/A

Highest degree: N/A

Fields of interest:
Biography:
N/A

Residence

  • Zürich 

Occupation

  • Preacher 1807 - 1814
  • Preacher 1807 - 1814, Bergamo
  • Teacher in modern languages and history 1814 - 1819, Chur
  • Professor of Eloquence and Hermeneutics 1819 - 1833 - Gymnasium Carolinum, Zürich
  • Professor 1833 - University of Zurich, Zürich

Education

  • Student  - Gymnasium Carolinum, Zürich

Membership

Provenance

  • Orelli, J.K. von, Jaarboek 1849, p. 32-33 door J. Bosscha.

Publications

N/A

Wiki and VIAF

Wiki Data: Q119310
VIAF: http://viaf.org/viaf/62344858

Jean-Robert Calloigne

MALE
Brugge, Belgium 25-05-1775 - Antwerpen, Belgium 26-08-1830

Member Group(s)

  • KNAW-Lid

placeholder

Variant Names

N/A

BIO

Dissertation: N/A

Highest degree: N/A

Fields of interest:
Biography:
Flemish sculptor and architect. Worked for King William I for a while. Designer of the Vismarkt in Bruges, a building in neoclassical style.

Residence

  • Brugge 

Occupation

  • sculptor 

Education

N/A

Membership

Provenance

  • Calloigne, J., Algemene Vergadering Instituut 1850, p. 21 door H.H. Klijn.

Publications

N/A

Wiki and VIAF

Wiki Data: N/A
VIAF: N/A

Friedrich August Ferdinand Christian Went

MALE
Amsterdam, Netherlands 18-06-1863 - Wassenaar, Netherlands 24-07-1935

Member Group(s)

  • Genootschaps-lid
  • KNAW-Lid

Variant Names

N/A

BIO

Dissertation: De jongste toestanden der vacuolen

Highest degree: doctor

Fields of interest:
Biography:
N/A

Residence

  • Wassenaar 
  • Indonesia 

Occupation

  • teacher , Dordrecht
  • teacher , Den Haag
  • profesor in botany 1896 - Universiteit Utrecht
  • rector magnificus 1905 - 1906 - Universiteit Utrecht

Education

  • biology student 1880 - 1886 - Universiteit van Amsterdam

Membership

Provenance

  • Went, F.A.F.C., Verslagen Natuurkunde 44, 1935, p. 90-95 door J. van der Hoeve.
  • Ledenlijst Vereeniging het Nederl. Natuur- en Geneesk. Congres (1890).
  • H.P. Bottelier, 'Went, Friedrich August Ferdinand Christian (1863-1935)', in Biografisch Woordenboek van Nederland. URL:http://resources.huygens.knaw.nl/bwn1880-2000/lemmata/bwn1/went [12-11-2013].

Publications

Wiki and VIAF

Wiki Data: Q1465275
VIAF: http://viaf.org/viaf/15553786

Pieter Zeeman

MALE
Zonnemaire, Netherlands 25-05-1865 - Amsterdam, Netherlands 09-10-1943

Member Group(s)

  • Genootschaps-lid
  • KNAW-Lid

Variant Names

N/A

BIO

Dissertation: Metingen over het verschijnsel van Kerr

Highest degree: doctor

Fields of interest:
Biography:
Zeeman was born to Wilhelmina Worst and Catharinus Farandinus Zeeman, a Lutheran minister. He went to the HBS in nearby Zierikzee and then studied classical languages at the gymnasium in Delft for two years. During this period he published an account of an aurora borealis visible in Zonnemaire. He entered the University of Leiden in 1885, where he studied under Lorentz and Kamerlingh Onnes and became an assistant in Kamerlingh Onnes's laboratory in 1895. He received his doctorate in 1893 for a dissertation on the so-called Kerr Effect, for the research of which he had received the gold medal of the Hollandsche Maatschappij in the previous year. After a year in Strasbourg at the Kohlrausch Institute, he became privat-dozent at Leiden and married Elisabeth Lebret, with whom he had a son and three daughters. From 1896 until his retirement, Zeeman was on the faculty of the University of Amsterdam (lecturer, 1896, extraordinarius, 1900, ordinarius, 1908). In 1908 he succeeded Van der Waals as the director of the university's physics laboratory, the Physics Institute.
While still at Leiden, Zeeman discovered the effect named-after him. He was searching for an interaction between magnetic and optical effects. Faraday had investigated the effect of a magnetic field on spectral lines as early as 1862, but without a positive result. Zeeman repeated the experiment, using a diffraction grating of high resolving power and found that the emission line of sodium was broadened (1896). Lorentz and Zeeman explained the phenomenon by supposing that the electron (discovered the previous year by JJ. Thomson) moved within the atom and emitted light. Measurements of the frequencies at the extremes of the broadened line allowed them to determine the e / m ratio. At Amsterdam, the following year, Zeeman was able to split the sodium line into a triplet, as predicted by Lorentz. For this work Zeeman and Lorentz received the Nobel Prize in physics in 1902.
Zeeman continued his research on the Zeeman effect, but the limitations of his laboratory in Amsterdam prevented great accuracy. This problem was not overcome until the construction of a new laboratory in 1923 (since 1940 the Zeeman Laboratory). He also measured the velocity of light in moving media, showing that the value of the Fresnel coefficient varied with the wavelength, a prediction of relativity theory. Only after 1923 did he return to measurements of the Zeeman effect, measuring the spectral lines of several noble gases and rhenium. Zeeman served as secretary (1912-1920) and chairman (1931) of the Physics division of the Royal Academy of Arts and Sciences, as president of the Commission Internationale des Poids et Mesures in Paris from 1940 to 1943, and as rector magnificus of the university of Amsterdam from 1920 to 1923. He received honorary doctorates from ten universities and prizes from the most prestigious scientific societies, including the Académie des Sciences, the Royal Society, and the National Academy of Sciences. With A.D. Fokker, he edited the papers of H.A. Lorentz ('s-Gravenhage: Martinus NijhofF, 1934- 1939).

Residence

  • Amsterdam 
  • Leiden 

Occupation

N/A

Education

  • student , Leiden

Membership

Provenance

  • Zeeman, P., Verslagen Natuurkunde 52, 1943, p. 465-466 door H.R. Kruyt; Jaarboek 1943/44,p. 208-218 door J.D. van der Waals Jr.
  • Biografie opgenomen in History of Science and Scholarship in the Netherlands
  • Ledenlijst Vereeniging het Nederl. Natuur- en Geneesk. Congres (1890).
  • P.F.A. Klinkenberg, 'Zeeman, Pieter (1865-1943)', in Biografisch Woordenboek van Nederland. URL:http://resources.huygens.knaw.nl/bwn1880-2000/lemmata/bwn1/zeeman [12-11-2013].

Publications

Wiki and VIAF

Wiki Data: Q79000
VIAF: http://viaf.org/viaf/103215195

Johan Anton Helvetius

MALE
N/A - 1772

Member Group(s)

  • Genootschaps-lid

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Variant Names

  • Helvetius, Johannes Antonius

BIO

Dissertation: N/A

Highest degree: N/A

Fields of interest:
N/A

Biography:
N/A

Residence

  • Amsterdam 

Occupation

N/A

Education

N/A

Membership

Provenance

N/A

Publications

N/A

Wiki and VIAF

Wiki Data: N/A
VIAF: http://viaf.org/viaf/283401356

Jacobus Hendrik van ‘t Hoff

MALE
Rotterdam, Netherlands 30-08-1852 - Berlin Steglitz, Germany 01-03-1911

Member Group(s)

  • Genootschaps-lid
  • KNAW-Lid

Variant Names

N/A

BIO

Dissertation: Bijdrage tot de kennis van cyanazijnzuur en malonzuur

Highest degree: doctor

Fields of interest:
Biography:
Nobel Prize (Chemistry) 1901

Residence

  • Amsterdam 

Occupation

  • physics teacher 1876 - Rijks Veeartsenijschool
  • hoogleraar in scheikunde, geologie en minéralogie 1878 - 1896 - Universiteit van Amsterdam
  • chemistry professor 1896, Berlin

Education

  • student  - Polytechnische School Delft
  • chemistry student 

Membership

Provenance

  • Hoff, J.H. van ‘t, Verslagen Natuurkunde 19, 1910/11, p. 1212-1216 door H.A. Lorentz.
  • Ledenlijst Vereeniging het Nederl. Natuur- en Geneesk. Congres (1890).
  • H.A.M. Snelders, 'Hoff, Jacobus Henricus van 't (1852-1911)', in Biografisch Woordenboek van Nederland. URL:http://resources.huygens.knaw.nl/bwn1880-2000/lemmata/bwn1/hoff [12-11-2013]
  • http://rjb.x-cago.com/GARJB/1912/12/19121231/GARJB-19121231-0025/story.pdf

Publications

N/A

Wiki and VIAF

Wiki Data: Q102822
VIAF: http://viaf.org/viaf/21285

Luitzen Egbertus Jan Brouwer

MALE
Overschie, Netherlands 27-02-1881 - Laren, Netherlands 02-12-1966

Member Group(s)

  • KNAW-Lid

Variant Names

N/A

BIO

Dissertation: N/A

Highest degree: N/A

Fields of interest:
Biography:
N/A

Residence

  • Laren 

Occupation

N/A

Education

N/A

Membership

Provenance

  • Brouwer, L.E.J., Verslagen Natuurkunde 75, 1966, p. 157 door P.J. Gaillard; Jaarboek 1966/67, p. 335-340 door H. Freudenthal en A. Heyting.
  • Biografisch Woordenboek van Nederlandse Wiskundigen. http://www.bwnw.nl/

Publications

Wiki and VIAF

Wiki Data: Q155887
VIAF: http://viaf.org/viaf/54216020

Nicolaas Samuelsz Cruquius

MALE
02-12-1678 - Spaarndam, Netherlands 05-02-1754

Member Group(s)

  • Boerhaave (instrumentenmakers)

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Variant Names

  • Kruyckius, N.S.

BIO

Dissertation: N/A

Highest degree: N/A

Fields of interest:
Biography:
Cartographer and hydraulic engineer. Cruquius was born in 1678, either on Vlieland or in Delft. His father was a mathematician and surveyor, who worked for the VOC chamber in Delft. In 1698, Nicolaas completed his education as a surveyor and started to make topographical maps, his most important work being a large wall map of Delfland in twenty-five parts. In 1716, he matriculated at Leiden University, where he worked with Herman Boerhaave. He was also active in meteorology. On 19 December 1705, he started to make meteorological measurements in Delft. First, he measured only atmospheric pressure, but soon he expanded his measurements to temperature and wind. From 1733 until his death in 1754, he continued these measurements as employee of the 'Hoogheemraadschap van Rijnland'. His main task for this organization was to manage the hydrology of the polders. Cruquius used his meteorological measurements to persuade the policy makers. He submitted a plan to the States of Holland to establish a meteorological institute. In this he was supported by three professors from Leiden University: Wittichius, 's Gravesande and Lulofs. Although the plan was rejected, Cruquius still played an important role in Dutch meteorology, by being the first to make a sustained and consistent series of meteorological observations. Another novelty was that Cruquius presented his data in graphs. He was also the first one to use symbols to present weather phenomena, such as wind and rain. He also made scientific instruments, such as a standard foot measure (the 'Rijnlandse voet'), made together with Jacob van Werven. In 1724 he was elected Fellow of the Royal Society of London.

Was the first one to use symbols to present weather phenonema

Residence

N/A

Occupation

  • Inspector of Surveys for the Hoogheemraadschap Rijnland; Bailiff of Spaarndam; Examiner of Navigation for the East India Company 1700 - 1754
  • cartographer 

Education

  • Med. Cand.  - Universiteit Leiden

Membership

Provenance

  • Engelen, A. van, Nicolaus Cruquius and his meteorological observations (De Bilt 1985).
  • Cruquius' kaart van Delfland 1712 (Alphen a/d/ Rijn 1977).
  • Brink, P. van den, In een opslag van het oog. De Hollandse rivierkartografie en waterstaatszorg in opkomst, 1725-1754 (Alphen a/d/ Rijn 1998).
  • Postma, C., Kruikius' kaart van Delfland 1712 (Alphen a/d Rijn 1988).
  • Sneller, Z.W., ‘De landmeter N.S. Cruquius en zijn plan tot doorgraving van den Hoek van Holland anno 1731’, Bijdragen voor vaderlandsche geschiedenis en oudheidkunde 1:3/4 (1939), 257-284.
  • Zuidervaart, H.J., Van 'Konstgenoten' en hemelse fenomenen. Nederlandse sterrenkunde in de achttiende eeuw (Rotterdam 1999), 615.
  • Brabander J.A. de, & Corn. J. van der Doef, Kruikius in Namen (Wateringen 1993).
  • Krogt, P. van der, 'Het verhoudingsgetal als schaal', Kartografisch tijdschrift 21:1 (1995), 3-5.
  • Rooseboom, M., Bijdrage tot de geschiedenis der instrumentmakerskunst in de noordelijke Nederlanden (Leiden 1950), 49.

Publications

N/A

Wiki and VIAF

Wiki Data: Q258555
VIAF: http://viaf.org/viaf/47643770

Christian Gottlob Heyne

MALE
Chemnitz, Germany 25-09-1729 - Göttingen, Germany 14-07-1812

Member Group(s)

  • KNAW-Lid

Variant Names

N/A

BIO

Dissertation: N/A

Highest degree: N/A

Fields of interest:
Biography:
Christian Gottlob Heyne was born in 1729 and started his academic career in 1748 at the University of Leipzig. During these years and in the first years of his career he lived in poverty.. He first came to scholarly notice with his 1755 edition of Tibullus, written in Dresden while he worked in the library of Count von Bruhl (Graf Heinrich von Bruhl). In the following year, as the Seven Year War broke out, he published an edition of Epictetus. Heyne's academic career is most closely identified with the University of Gottingen. He went there in 1763 as both professor (of eloquence) and director of the university's library. During those years, he published numerous essays, trnaslations and other writings on classical literature, art and archeology. Of Heyne's numerous writings, the following may be mentioned. Editions, with copious commentaries of Tibullus (ed. SC Wunderlich, 1817), Virgil (ed. GP Wagner, 1830-1841), Pindar (3rd ed. by GH Schafer, 1817), Apollodorus, Bibliotheca Graeca (1803), Homer, Iliad (1802), Opuscula academica (1785-1812), containing more than hundred academical dissertations, of which the most valuable are those relating to the colonies of Greece and the antiquities of Etruscan art and history. His Antiquarische Aufsatze (1778-1779) is a collection of essays connected with the history of ancient art. Under his directorship the University Library became one of the leading academic libraries in the world, its collection growing from 60.000 to 200.000 volumes. This was mostly because of Heyne's extensive international network and zealous acquisition of works.

Residence

  • Göttingen 1763 - 1812
  • Dresden 1752 - 1757
  • Wittenberg 1758 - 1760
  • Dresden 1762 - 1763

Occupation

  • Director 1764 - 1812 - Gottingen State and University Library , Göttingen
  • Professor of Poetry and Eloquence 1763 - 1812 - Universitat Gottingen, Göttingen
  • Secretary  - Gottingische Gelehrte Anzeigen, Göttingen

Education

  • Student 1748 - 1752 - Universitat Leipzig, Leipzig

Membership

Provenance

  • Heyne, C.G., Algemene Vergadering Instituut 1812, p. 17 door J.H. van Swinden.

Publications

N/A

Wiki and VIAF

Wiki Data: Q63182
VIAF: http://viaf.org/viaf/14819364

Hendrik Christoffel van de Hulst

MALE
Utrecht, Netherlands 19-11-1918 - Leiden, Netherlands 31-07-2000

Member Group(s)

  • KNAW-Lid

Variant Names

N/A

BIO

Dissertation: N/A

Highest degree: N/A

Fields of interest:
Biography:
N/A

Residence

  • Oegstgeest 

Occupation

N/A

Education

N/A

Membership

Provenance

  • Hulst, H.C. van de, Levensberichten en herdenkingen 2002, p. 29-36 door H.J. Habing.

Publications

N/A

Wiki and VIAF

Wiki Data: Q437534
VIAF: http://viaf.org/viaf/108245647

Christiaan Huygens

MALE
Den Haag, Netherlands 14-04-1629 - Den Haag, Netherlands 08-07-1695

Member Group(s)

  • Boerhaave (instrumentenmakers)

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Variant Names

  • Huijgens, Christiaan
  • Huygens heer van Zuylichem, Christiaan
  • Hugenio, Christiano
  • Hugens de Zulichem, Christian
  • Huggens de Zulichem, Christianus
  • Huygens de Zulechem, Chrestian
  • Huggens de Zulikem, Christiaan
  • Hugenius Zulichemius, Christian
  • Hugens de Zulcon, Christiaan
  • Archimedes

BIO

Dissertation: N/A

Highest degree: N/A

Fields of interest:
Biography:
Born in 1629, Huygens was the son of the poet and diplomat, Constantijn Huygens. He studied law in Leiden and Breda. He was interested mainly in mathematics and proved to be very talented early in life. With his brother Constantijn Jr., he ground lenses and made astronomical observations. He also developed a very accurate pendulum clock and established a wave-theory of light. His discoveries attracted attention abroad, and, in 1666, he was asked to lead the newly founded Académie des Sciences in Paris. After a few years absence caused by illness, he resigned from the Académie. Later in life he wrote a book on cosmolog, called 'Cosmotheoros'.

Inventor of the pendulum clock ("slingeruurwerk") and the aerial telescope. Designer of the Huygens ocular. Huygens discovered the moon of Saturn (Titan) and explained that a ring was present around this planet. He also established the wave-theory of light.

Collections: Museum Boerhaave Leiden, Universiteitsmuseum Utrecht, Noordelijk Scheepvaart Museum Groningen.

Residence

  • Den Haag 1629 - 1645
  • Leiden 1645-05-12
  • Breda 1647
  • Paris 1660-10-12
  • London 1661-03-19
  • Den Haag 1661-05-27
  • Paris 1633-04-03
  • London 1663-06-07
  • Paris 1663-10-01 - 1663-06-07
  • Den Haag 1664-06-07
  • Den Haag 1648-05~
  • Spa 1654-08 - 1654-08~
  • Paris 1655-07~ - 1655-11-26~
  • Paris 1666 - 1681
  • Den Haag 1681 - 1695

Occupation

  • Instrument maker 

Education

  • Law student 12-05-1645 - Universiteit Leiden
  • Student at Breda 1646~ - 1648~ - Collegium Arausiacum - Breda

Membership

Provenance

  • Biografisch Woordenboek van Nederlandse Wiskundigen. http://www.bwnw.nl/
  • Theoremata de quadratura hyperboles, ellipsis et circuli (1651)
  • De Saturni Luna observatio nova (1656)
  • Systema saturnium (1659)
  • Horologium oscillatorium sive de motu pendularium (1673)
  • Memoriën aengaende het slijpen van glasen tot verrekijckers (1685)
  • Traité de la lumière (1690)
  • Cosmotheoros (1698)
  • Riekher, R. Fernrohre und ihre Meister: eine Entwicklungsgeschichte der Fernrohrtechnik (Berlin 1957).
  • Ahlström, O. Synverktyg fran äldre tider (Stockholm 1943).
  • Jorink, E. Reading the book of nature in the Dutch golden age, 1575-1715 (Leiden/Boston 2010).
  • Doorman, G. Octrooien voor uitvindingen in de Nederlanden uit de 16e-18e eeuw : met bespreking van enkele onderwerpen uit de geschiedenis der techniek (Den Haag 1940).
  • Zinner, E. Deutsche und Niederländische astronomische Instrumente des 11.-18. Jahrhunderts (München 1956).
  • Forbes, R.J. Cultuurgeschiedenis van wetenschap en techniek ('s Gravenhage 1966).
  • Nijland, A.A. Christiaan Huygens, in het bijzonder als astronoom (Groningen 1929).
  • Crommelin, C.A. Christiaan Huygens (Gent 1938).
  • Icke, V. De ruimte van Christiaan Huygens (Groningen 2009).
  • Daumas, M. Scientific instruments of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries and their makers (London 1972).
  • Harting, P. ' De tien-voets kijker van Christiaan Huygens', in: Album der Natuur (1867).
  • Michel, H. Instruments des sciences dans l'art et l'histoire (Rhode-St-Genèse 1965).

Publications

N/A

Wiki and VIAF

Wiki Data: Q39599
VIAF: http://viaf.org/viaf/9894043

Frederik Zernike

MALE
Amsterdam, Netherlands 16-07-1888 - Amersfoort, Netherlands 10-03-1966

Member Group(s)

  • KNAW-Lid

Variant Names

  • Zernike, Frits

BIO

Dissertation: N/A

Highest degree: N/A

Fields of interest:
Biography:
Frits Zernike attended the HBS and from 1905 onwards studied chemistry at Amsterdam. At the age of nineteen, in 1907, he answered a prize question of the University of Groningen on probability theory, for which he was awarded a gold medal. He won a second gold medal for a prize question in optics issued by the Hollandsche Maatschappij van Wetenschappen in Haarlem (1912). In that year, he passed his doctoral examinations and started work on his dissertation, for which he used his prize winning essay of 1912 as a starting point. In 1913 he was appointed assistant to the astronomer J.C. Kapteyn at the University of Groningen. In 1915 he took his degree in chemistry at Amsterdam with a dissertation L'opalescence critique, théorie et experiments.
Shortly after obtaining his degree, also in 1915, Zernike succeeded Ornstein as lecturer in mathematical physics and theoretical mechanics in Groningen and in 1920 he became full professor. In the 1920's Zernike mainly worked in statistical physics. Together with Ornstein, and later with J.A. Prins, Zernike wrote a number of articles on fluctuation phenomena. In molecular statistics he introduced the concept of a radial distribution function, giving the mean number density of molecular centers around an arbitrary molecular center. For the Handbuch der Physik he wrote a chapter on probability theory and mathematical statistics (1928). In the 1930s, while not neglecting his work in statistical mechanics altogether, Zernike became more and more interested in physical optics. He had always been a very skillful instrument-maker: as early as 1921, he had constructed a very precise galvanometer and during the 1930s he worked on the construction of the so-called phase contrast microscope. He studied errors in telescope mirrors and discovered that there is a phase difference in the diffraction of light in different substances. By finding ways to increase the phase contrast, Zernike was able to construct a much more powerful microscope, with which one could study living material (staining usually kills the cells). In 1936 he obtained a patent on his invention. Zernike long remained a bachelor. In the 1920s he lived with his sister, Elisabeth Zernike, who was an author, and with his mother. Finally, only in January 1930, he married Theodora Willernina van Bommel van Vloten. They had one son (from an earlier marriage his wife already had one daughter). In February 1945, shortly before the liberation of Groningen, Zernike's wife died.
After the war Zernike, whose chair had been redefined as including mathematical and technical physics and theoretical mechanics in 1941, further refined his phase contrast microscope. In 1946 he was elected to the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences. In 1947-1948 he was visiting professor at Johns Hopkins University. Especially after 1950 he received honors all over the world, including in 1953 the Nobel Prize in physics for his phase contrast microscope. In 1956 he became a fellow of the Royal Society. In the year after receiving the Nobel Prize Zernike married to Lena Baanders, with whom he had no children. He retired in 1958 and in 1961 moved to Naarden (near Amsterdam). His interests were wide ranging, including secondary teaching, natural philosophy and religion. During the last years of his life he was ill and in 1953 he entered a hospital in Amersfoort, where he died on 10 March 1966.

Residence

  • Naarden 

Occupation

N/A

Education

N/A

Membership

Provenance

  • Zernike, F., Verslagen Natuurkunde 75, 1966, p. 49-51 door C.J. Gorter; Jaarboek 1965/66,p. 370-377 door J.A. Prins.

Wiki and VIAF

Wiki Data: Q188293
VIAF: http://viaf.org/viaf/70621940

John William Sutton Pringle

MALE
Manchester, United Kingdom 22-07-1912 - Oxford, United Kingdom 02-11-1982

Member Group(s)

  • KNAW-Lid

Variant Names

N/A

BIO

Dissertation: N/A

Highest degree: N/A

Fields of interest:
Biography:
British zoologist

Residence

  • Oxford 

Occupation

N/A

Education

N/A

Membership

Provenance

Publications

N/A

Wiki and VIAF

Wiki Data: Q967885
VIAF: http://viaf.org/viaf/111183967

Heike Kamerlingh Onnes

MALE
Groningen, Netherlands 21-09-1853 - Leiden, Netherlands 21-02-1926

Member Group(s)

  • Genootschaps-lid
  • KNAW-Lid

Variant Names

N/A

BIO

Dissertation: N/A

Highest degree: doctor

Fields of interest:
Biography:
Nobel Prize (Physics) 1913

Residence

  • Leiden 

Occupation

N/A

Education

N/A

Membership

Provenance

  • Kamerlingh Onnes, H., Verslagen Natuurkunde 35, 1926, p. 206-210 door F.A.F.C. Went.
  • Biografie opgenomen in History of Science and Scholarship in the Netherlands
  • Ledenlijst Vereeniging het Nederl. Natuur- en Geneesk. Congres (1890).

Publications

N/A

Wiki and VIAF

Wiki Data: Q62891
VIAF: http://viaf.org/viaf/34516797

Albert Jan Kluyver

MALE
Breda, Netherlands 03-06-1888 - Delft, Netherlands 14-05-1956

Member Group(s)

  • KNAW-Lid

Variant Names

N/A

BIO

Dissertation: N/A

Highest degree: N/A

Fields of interest:
Biography:
Copley Medal 1953

Residence

  • Delft 

Occupation

N/A

Education

N/A

Membership

Provenance

Publications

N/A

Wiki and VIAF

Wiki Data: Q903240
VIAF: http://viaf.org/viaf/22926013

Alessandro Giuseppe Antonio Anastasio Volta

MALE
Como, Italy 18-02-1745 - Como, Italy 05-03-1827

Member Group(s)

  • KNAW-Lid

Variant Names

N/A

BIO

Dissertation: N/A

Highest degree: N/A

Fields of interest:
Biography:
Inventor of the so-called Volta pile (or voltaic pile)

Residence

  • Pavia 

Occupation

  • professor of philosophy , Padova

Education

N/A

Membership

Provenance

  • Volta, A.G.A.A., Algemene Vergadering Instituut 1827, p. 8 door J.F. Serrurier.

Publications

N/A

Wiki and VIAF

Wiki Data: Q680
VIAF: http://viaf.org/viaf/9950567

Ernst Julius Cohen

MALE
Amsterdam, Netherlands 07-03-1869 - Auschwitz, Poland 16-03-1944

Member Group(s)

  • Genootschaps-lid
  • KNAW-Lid

Variant Names

N/A

BIO

Dissertation: N/A

Highest degree: N/A

Fields of interest:
Biography:
N/A

Residence

  • Utrecht 

Occupation

N/A

Education

N/A

Membership

Provenance

  • Cohen, E.J., Jaarboek 1879, p. 39-65 door G. van Diesen.
  • http://www.joodsmonument.nl/person/446444
  • H.A.M. Snelders, 'Cohen, Ernest Julius (1869-1944)', in Biografisch Woordenboek van Nederland. URL:http://resources.huygens.knaw.nl/bwn1880-2000/lemmata/bwn1/cohen [12-11-2013]
  • Ledenlijst Vereeniging het Nederl. Natuur- en Geneesk. Congres (1890).

Publications

N/A

Wiki and VIAF

Wiki Data: Q320050
VIAF: http://viaf.org/viaf/41938715

Gevonden berichten:

12-09-2022 11:03 - [Event] Conference "African Scientists in Colonial and Postcolonial Contexts, 1800-2000" (Royal Society of London, Carlton House, 21 October 2022)

22-04-2022 03:10 - Wedergeboorte van een oude kaart van de Maas bij Rotterdam (Academisch erfgoedblog, Marco van Egmond)

28-03-2022 11:54 - [Call for Papers] Does Science need Heroes? (Nobel) Prize cultures in the Netherlands (Leiden, 29-30 September 2023; Deadline 15 July 2022)

26-03-2022 04:29 - [Job] Postdoc, “Early Citizen Science: How the Public Used Linnaean Instructions to Collect the World” (Deadline: 2 May 2022)

14-06-2021 01:43 - A New Timeline from Archives of IT

16-02-2021 03:08 - Call for Applications: Lisa Jardine History of Science Grant (Deadline: 17 March 2021)

07-01-2021 05:21 - PhD position in Soviet History (m/f/d; E13 TV-L, 65%), on Environment and Health in the Soviet Union and its Successor States, 1945–2000 (Universität Tübingen; Deadline 17 January 2021)

11-09-2020 12:20 - Dijksterhuislezing 2020: Abraham Kuyper & Multatuli (Online, 13 November 2020)

22-06-2020 11:46 - [Publicatie] De Universitaire campus. Ruimtelijke transformaties van de Nederlandse universiteiten sedert 1945

10-03-2020 11:50 - Jobs: Postdoc/PhD Candidate, "Managing Scarcity" (Maastricht University; various deadlines)

04-09-2019 10:07 - Call for Papers: "Animals as Objects. Zoological Gardens and Natural History Museum in Berlin, 1810−2020" (Berlin, 13-14 February 2020; Deadline: 20 September 2019)

26-04-2019 01:48 - REMINDER Registration for the Gewina Woudschoten conference closes Tuesday, April 30th

26-04-2019 01:00 - Report: History of Science and Humanities PhD Conference 2019 (Kerkrade)

15-03-2019 01:55 - Conference: Teaching the history of Knowledge: Purposes, Problems, Practices (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, 20 March 2019)

12-03-2019 01:47 - CfA: 5th International Conference on the History and Philosophy of Computing (Bergamo, Italy, 28-30 October 2019; Deadline 30 April 2019)

21-02-2019 12:54 - Jobs: PhD position & Assistant Professorship (Maastricht; Deadlines 15 March (PhD) & 28 February (! AP))

14-01-2019 12:06 - Call for Papers: Dutch Historians' Days 2019: Inclusive History (Groningen, 22-24 August 2019; Deadline 28 January 2019)

28-12-2018 10:00 - Job: Fully funded PhD position "Atmospheric Tides Science", Ghent University & Università Ca' Foscari, Venice (Deadline: 28 February 2019)

06-12-2018 02:32 - [REMINDER] Call for Papers: History of Science Society annual meeting (Utrecht, 23-27 July 2019; Deadline 7 January 2019)

16-10-2018 03:20 - Announcement: 12th International Conference on the History of Chemistry (ICHC12; Maastricht, the Netherlands, 29 July - 2 August, 2019)

Gevonden publicaties:

Conflicten

Referentie: Mededelingen Letterkunde, Nieuwe Reeks, deel 34, nummer 1 (1971), 1-27

Authors

Tammes, A.J.P.

Keywords

N/A

Download als pdf file (28 pagina's, 10.54 M)

Over de doeltreffendheid van monetaire politiek: Nederlandse ervaringen 1954-1969

Referentie: Mededelingen Letterkunde, Nieuwe Reeks, deel 34, nummer 4 (1971), 153-184

Authors

Holtrop, M.W.

Keywords

N/A

Download als pdf file (39 pagina's, 17.41 M)

De meervoudige gedetermineerdheid van menselijk gedrag

Referentie: Mededelingen Letterkunde, Nieuwe Reeks, deel 35, nummer 3 (1972), 129-144

Authors

Duijker, H.C.J.

Keywords

N/A

Download als pdf file (18 pagina's, 8.15 M)

DE LEEFRUIMTE VAN DE MENS

Referentie: Mededelingen Letterkunde, Nieuwe Reeks, deel 36, nummer 3 (1973), 75-96

Authors

Tammes, A.J.P.

Keywords

N/A

Download als pdf file (24 pagina's, 8.83 M)

Maerlants Torec als 'Sleutelroman'

Referentie: Mededelingen Letterkunde, Nieuwe Reeks, deel 36, nummer 5 (1973), 119-195

Authors

Heeroma, K.

Keywords

N/A

Download als pdf file (80 pagina's, 28.28 M)

Vom Mesopotamischen Menschen der Altbabylonischen Zeit und seiner Welt

Referentie: Mededelingen Letterkunde, Nieuwe Reeks, deel 36, nummer 6 ( 1973), 199-345

Authors

Kraus, F.R.

Keywords

N/A

Download als pdf file (150 pagina's, 56.85 M)

Hendrik IV en het Protest

Referentie: Mededelingen Letterkunde, Nieuwe Reeks, deel 36, nummer 10 (1973), 423-440

Authors

Bachrach, A.G.H.

Keywords

N/A

Download als pdf file (20 pagina's, 7.05 M)

Gestaafde en vermeende affiniteiten van het Baskisch

Referentie: Mededelingen Letterkunde, Nieuwe Reeks, deel 9, nummer 2 (1946), 13-24

Authors

Uhlenbeck, C.C.

Keywords

N/A

Download als pdf file (16 pagina's, 5.05 M)

DE „COLLEGES" VAN DE OUDERE ENGELSE UNIVERSITEITEN IN DE SPIEGEL VAN DE ENGELSE ROMAN

Referentie: Mededelingen Letterkunde, Nieuwe Reeks, deel 24, nummer 6 (1961), 207-220

Authors

Stockum, T.C. van

Keywords

N/A

Download als pdf file (17 pagina's, 6.22 M)

CLEANTHES OR POSIDONIUS? THE BASIS OF STOIC PHYSICS

Referentie: Mededelingen Letterkunde, Nieuwe Reeks, deel 24, nummer 9 (1961), 265-289

Authors

Solmsen, Friedrich

Keywords

N/A

Download als pdf file (28 pagina's, 11.16 M)

Le Targum De Job De La Grotte 11 De Qumran (11QtgJob). Première Communication

Referentie: Mededelingen Letterkunde, Nieuwe Reeks, deel 25, nummer 9 (1962), 545-557

Authors

Ploeg, J. van der

Keywords

N/A

Download als pdf file (18 pagina's, 6 M)

HET WIJSGERIG ONDERWIJS AAN DE ILLUSTRE SCHOOL TE BREDA (1646-1669)

Referentie: Mededelingen Letterkunde, Nieuwe Reeks, deel 25, nummer 7 (1962), 421-522

Authors

Sassen, F.

Keywords

N/A

Download als pdf file (106 pagina's, 39.74 M)

Étude sur les formes métriques du mystère du vieil testament

Referentie: Mededelingen Letterkunde, Nieuwe Reeks, deel 25, nummer 2 (1962), 37-161

Authors

Noomen, W.

Keywords

N/A

Download als pdf file (134 pagina's, 41.55 M)

De vindplaatsen van de "Romeinse bronnen"

Referentie: Mededelingen Letterkunde, Nieuwe Reeks, deel 25, nummer 15 (1962), 715-726

Authors

Polman, P.

Keywords

N/A

Download als pdf file (14 pagina's, 5.7 M)

De bouw van het Engelse woord

Referentie: Mededelingen Letterkunde, Nieuwe Reeks, deel 4, nummer 8 (1941), 229-306

Authors

Kruisinga, E.

Keywords

N/A

Download als pdf file (78 pagina's, 22.63 M)

Cyprianus van Carthago

Referentie: Mededelingen Letterkunde, Nieuwe Reeks, deel 21, nummer 9 (1958), 233-265

Authors

Bakhuizen van den Brink, J.N.

Keywords

N/A

Download als pdf file (34 pagina's, 14.79 M)

Het Griekse erfdeel in het werk van Thomas Hardy

Referentie: Mededelingen Letterkunde, Nieuwe Reeks, deel 43, nummer 3 (1980), 63-76

Authors

Kamerbeek, J.C.

Keywords

N/A

Download als pdf file (16 pagina's, 5.22 M)

Over het lezen en het boek

Referentie: Mededelingen Letterkunde, Nieuwe Reeks, deel 21, nummer 4 (1958), 75-93

Authors

Dresden, S.

Keywords

N/A

Download als pdf file (22 pagina's, 8.08 M)

Eusebeia en de cardinale deugden. Een studie over de functie van Eusebia in het leven der Grieken en haar verhouding tot de ethiek

Referentie: Mededelingen Letterkunde, Nieuwe Reeks, deel 23, nummer 4 (1960), 77-164

Authors

Loenen, D.

Keywords

N/A

Download als pdf file (94 pagina's, 34.52 M)

L'ÂME, LE NOUS ET LES HENADES DANS LA THÉOLOGIE DE PROCLUS

Referentie: Mededelingen Letterkunde, Nieuwe Reeks, deel 23, nummer 2 (1960), 29-42

Authors

Grondijs, L.H.

Keywords

N/A

Download als pdf file (16 pagina's, 5.83 M)

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